Erasure, Misrepresentation and Confusion: Investigating JSTOR Topics on Women’s and Race Histories

作者:Sharon Block, UC-Irvine

转载来源:DIgital Humanities Quarterly, 14.1, 2020, http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/14/1/000448/000448.html

本文研究了广泛使用的全文学术出版物数据库JSTOR的主题标注系统,特别是参考了北美殖民历史学术。通过关键算法和关键档案研究得出的见解,分析了JSTOR的主题是如何反复歪曲和抹掉女性、非洲流散/非裔美国人、美国原住民和定居者的殖民历史的。这篇文章讨论了元数据的力量、透明的和领域专家参与的索引过程的需要,以及数字提供者对学者的工作进行准确分类的责任。它特别关注通过看似种族主义或性别歧视的话题标签阻碍知识发现对传统边缘研究领域造成的潜在不成比例的伤害。

作者简介:

Sharon Block 

Sharon Block is Professor of History at the University of California, Irvine. She is the author of Rape and Sexual Power in Early America (2006), Colonial Complexions: Race and Bodies in Eighteenth-Century America (2018), and some of the earliest articles aplying topic modeling in the humanities, including “Doing More with Digitization: An Introduction to Topic Modeling of Early American Sources”, Common-place: the Interactive Journal of Early American Life (2006) and with D. Newman, “What, Where, When and Sometimes Why: Data Mining Women’s History Abstracts, 1985-2005”, Journal of Women’s History (2011).